Marharyta Fabrykant is a Leading Research Fellow at the National Research University Higher School of Economics and an Associate Professor at the Belarusian State University.
She holds a PhD degree in sociology since 2017 and in social psychology since 2018. She conducts comparative research on national identities and national history narratives with a focus on the bottom-up demand for and perceptions of national identity politics. She has taught courses on the Belarusian national identity in comparative perspective as an Erasmus+ visiting lecturer at the University of Tartu (2016) and Justus Liebig University Giessen (2019).
Her most recent main publications include: Fabrykant, M. (2019). Russian-speaking Belarusian Nationalism: An Ethnolinguistic Identity Without a Language?. Europe-Asia Studies, 71(1), 117-136; Fabrykant, M., & Magun, V. (2019). Dynamics of National Pride Attitudes in Post-Soviet Russia, 1996–2015. Nationalities Papers, 47(1), 20-37; Fabrykant, M. (2018). National identity in the contemporary Baltics: comparative quantitative analysis. Journal of Baltic Studies, 49(3), 305-331; Fabrykant, M. (2017). “Do It the Russian Way”: Narratives of the Russian Revolution in European History Textbooks. Slavic Review, 76(3), 741-752; Fabrykant, M., & Buhr, R. (2016). Small state imperialism: the place of empire in contemporary nationalist discourse. Nations and Nationalism, 22(1), 103-122.
National Pride and Social Trust in Russia in Cross-National Comparative Perspective
National pride and social trust are often perceived and used as alternative grounds for social cohesion. While national pride is essentially exclusive, because shared only by compatriots, trust in social institution is not, and the general interpersonal trust measured as trust in strangers is inclusive by definition. These differences create an opportunity for a variety of interrelations between national pride and various dimensions of social trust, depending on how certain kinds of individuals and institutions are perceived in relation to a country’s identity. This paper presents the results of a research examining interrelations between national pride and social trust in Russia compared to other countries. The empirical data used in the research come from the most recent wave of the World Values Survey, released in 2020. The results show that in Russia, national pride is positively related to trust in all major social institutions, including even international organizations. This pattern is observed in most countries (with the notable exception of the USA, where correlations between national pride and trust in some institutions, such as the press and the UN, are negative). These positive correlations in Russia are the strongest for trust in the churches, the armed forces, and the government; in most other countries, the pattern is similar but much less pronounced: the relation to trust in other institutions is not that weaker. The relation of national pride to various dimensions of interpersonal trust reveals a deeper difference: unlike in most countries, in Russia, national pride has no negative relation to trust in people of another nationality or religion but is significantly negatively related to strangers. Thus, apparently Russians scoring high on national pride are more ready to accept people with any kind of identity, however different from their own, than people whose identity is unknown and undefined.